TODAY -
Culture And Tradition
The culture of Cambodia has had a rich and varied history dating back many centuries, and has been heavily influenced by India and China.[1] Throughout Cambodia's long history, a major source of inspiration was from religion. Throughout nearly two millennium, Cambodians developed a unique Khmer belief from the syncreticism of indigenous animistic beliefs and the Indian religions of Buddhism and Hinduism. Indian culture and civilization, including its language and arts reached mainland Southeast Asia around the 1st century A.D. It is generally believed that seafaring merchants brought Indian customs and culture to ports along the Gulf of Thailand and the Pacific while trading with China. The first state to benefit from this was Funan.

History

The golden age of Cambodia was between the 9th and 14th century, during the Angkor period, during which it was a powerful and prosperous empire that flourished and dominated almost all of inland south east Asia. However, Angkor would eventually collapse after much in-fighting between royalty and constant warring with its increasingly powerful neighbors, notably Siam and Dai Viet. Many temples from this period however, like Bayon and Angkor Wat still remain today, scattered throughout Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam as a reminder of the grandeur of Khmer arts and culture. Cambodia's unparalleled achievements in art, architectures, music, and dance during this period have had a great influence on many neighboring kingdoms, namely Thailand and Laos. The affect of Angkorian culture can still be seen today in those countries, as they share many close characteristics with current-day Cambodia.
Architecture and housing
 
The Angkorian architects and sculptors created temples that mapped the cosmic world in stone. Khmer decorations drew inspiration from religion, and mythical creatures from Hinduism and Buddhism were carved on walls. Temples were built in accordance to the rule of ancient Khmer architecture that dictated that a basic temple layout include a central shrine, a courtyard, an enclosing wall, and a moat. Khmer motifs use many creatures from Buddhist and Hindu mythology, like the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh, use motifs such as the garuda, a mythical bird in Hinduism. The architecture of Cambodia developed in stages under the Khmer empire from the 9th to the 15th century, preserved in many buildings of the Angkor temple. The remains of secular architecture from this time are rare, as only religious buildings were made of stone. The architecture of the Angkor period used specific structural features and styles, which are one of the main methods used to date the temples, along with inscriptions.
Angkor Wat, The most Cambodian famous heritage.

In modern rural Cambodia, the nuclear family typically lives in a rectangular house that may vary in size from four by six meters to six by ten meters. It is constructed of a wooden frame with gabled thatch roof and walls of woven bamboo. Khmer houses are typically raised as much as three meters on stilts for protection from annual floods. Two ladders or wooden staircases provide access to the house. The steep thatch roof overhanging the house walls protects the interior from rain. Typically a house contains three rooms separated by partitions of woven bamboo. The front room serves as a living room used to receive visitors, the next room is the parents' bedroom, and the third is for unmarried daughters. Sons sleep anywhere they can find space. Family members and neighbors work together to build the house, and a house-raising ceremony is held upon its completion. The houses of poorer persons may contain only a single large room. Food is prepared in a separate kitchen located near the house but usually behind it. Toilet facilities consist of simple pits in the ground, located away from the house, that are covered up when filled. Any livestock is kept below the house. Chinese and Vietnamese houses in Cambodian towns and villages are typically built directly on the ground and have earthen, cement, or tile floors, depending upon the economic status of the owner. Urban housing and commercial buildings may be of brick, masonry, or wood.
Religion

Cambodia is predominantly Buddhist with 90% of the population being Theravada Buddhist, 1% Christian and the majority of the remaining population follow Islam, atheism, or animism.
Buddhism has existed in Cambodia since at least the 5th century CE. Theravada Buddhism has been the Cambodian state religion since the 13th century CE (excepting the Khmer Rouge period), and is currently estimated to be the faith of 90% of the population.
Islam is the religion of a majority of the Cham (also called Khmer Islam) and Malay minorities in Cambodia. According to Po Dharma, there were 150,000 to 200,000 Muslims in Cambodia as late as 1975. Persecution under the Khmer Rouge eroded their numbers, however, and by the late 1980s they probably had not regained their former strength. All of the Cham Muslims are Sunnis of the Shafi'i school. Po Dharma divides the Muslim Cham in Cambodia into a traditionalist branch and an orthodox branch.

Christianity was introduced into Cambodia by Roman Catholic missionaries in 1660. However, it made little headway at first, particularly among Buddhists. In 1972 there were probably about 20,000 Christians in Cambodia, most of whom were Roman Catholics. According to Vatican statistics, in 1953, members of the Roman Catholic Church in Cambodia numbered 120,000, making it, at that time, the second largest religion in the country. In April 1970, just before repatriation, estimates indicate that about 50,000 Catholics were Vietnamese. Many of the Catholics remaining in Cambodia in 1972 were Europeans—chiefly French. American Protestant missionary activity increased in Cambodia, especially among some of the hill tribes and among the Cham, after the establishment of the Khmer Republic. The 1962 census, which reported 2,000 Protestants in Cambodia, remains the most recent statistic for the group. Observers reported that in 1980 there were more registered Khmer Christians among the refugees in camps in Thailand than in all of Cambodia before 1970. Kiernan notes that, until June 1980, five weekly Protestant services were held in Phnom Penh by a Khmer pastor, but that they had been reduced to a single weekly service after police harassment. There are around 20,000 Catholics in Cambodia which represents only 0.15% of the total population. There are no dioceses, but there are three territorial jurisdictions - one Apostolic Vicariate and two Apostolic Prefectures.
Highland tribal groups, most with their own local religious systems, probably number fewer than 100,000 persons. The Khmer Loeu have been loosely described as animists, but most tribal groups have their own pantheon of local spirits. In general they see their world filled with various invisible spirits (often called yang), some benevolent, others malevolent. They associate spirits with rice, soil, water, fire, stones, paths, and so forth. Sorcerers or specialists in each village contact these spirits and prescribe ways to appease them. In times of crisis or change, animal sacrifices may be made to placate the anger of the spirits. Illness is often believed to be caused by evil spirits or sorcerers. Some tribes have special medicine men or shamans who treat the sick. In addition to belief in spirits, villagers believe in taboos on many objects or practices. Among the Khmer Loeu, the Rhade and Jarai groups have a well developed hierarchy of spirits with a supreme ruler at its head.
Ways of life

Birth and death rituals
The birth of a child is a happy event for the family. According to traditional beliefs, however, confinement and childbirth expose the family, and especially the mother and the child to harm from the spirit world. A woman who dies in childbirth—crosses the river (chhlong tonle) in Khmer is believed to become an evil spirit. In traditional Khmer society, a pregnant woman respects a number of food taboos and avoids certain situations. These traditions remain in practice in rural Cambodia, but they have become weakened in urban areas.
Death is not viewed with the great outpouring of grief common to Western society; it is viewed as the end of one life and as the beginning of another life that one hopes will be better. Buddhist Khmer usually are cremated, and their ashes are deposited in a stupa in the temple compound. A corpse is washed, dressed, and placed in a coffin, which may be decorated with flowers and with a photograph of the deceased. White pennant-shaped flags, called "white crocodile flags," outside a house indicate that someone in that household has died. A funeral procession consisting of an achar, Buddhist monks, members of the family, and other mourners accompanies the coffin to the crematorium. The spouse and the children show mourning by shaving their heads and by wearing white clothing. Relics such as teeth or pieces of bone are prized by the survivors, and they are often worn on gold chains as amulets. If the child is always ill, his or her parents can go and change the name of child
Childhood and adolescence

A Cambodian child may be nursed until he or she is between two and four years of age. Up to the age of three or four, the child is given considerable physical affection and freedom. Children around five years of age also may be expected to help look after younger siblings. Children's games emphasize socialization or skill rather than winning and losing.
Most children begin school when they are seven or eight. By the time they reach this age, they are familiar with the society's norms of politeness, obedience, and respect toward their elders and toward Buddhist monks. The father at this time begins his permanent retreat into a relatively remote, authoritarian role. By age ten, a girl is expected to help her mother in basic household tasks; a boy knows how to care for the family's livestock and can do farm work under the supervision of older males. Adolescent children usually play with members of the same sex. During his teens, a boy may become a temple servant and go on to serve a time as a novice monk, which is a great honor for the parents.
In precommunist days, parents exerted complete authority over their children until the children were married, and the parents continued to maintain some control well into the marriage. Age difference is strictly recognized with polite vocabulary and special generational terms for "you".
It is acceptable for a mother or caretaker in Cambodia, especially those from rural areas, to kiss the penis of an infant or put it in her mouth as a sign of respect or love. The child is usually 1 year old or younger, “but no more than 2 years old,” he said. The act has nothing to do with sexual feelings, he said, noting that it can be viewed as a sign of high respect by a caretaker for a future “master.” The act is not part of the general culture, it is an exception.
 
Courtship, marriage, and divorce

In Cambodia, premarital sex is deplored. The choice of a spouse is a complex one for the young male, and it may involve not only his parents and his friends, as well as those of the young woman, but also a matchmaker. In theory, a girl may veto the spouse her parents have chosen. Courtship patterns differ between rural and urban Khmer; romantic love is a notion that exists to a much greater extent in larger cities. A man usually marries between the ages of nineteen and twenty-five, a girl between the ages of sixteen and twenty-two. After a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its child is marrying into a good family. In rural areas, there is a form of bride-service; that is, the young man may take a vow to serve his prospective father-in-law for a period of time.

Bride and groom at a Cambodian wedding

The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly it lasted three days, but in the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist priests offer a short sermon and recite prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, tying cotton threads soaked in holy water around the bride's and groom's wrists, and passing a candle around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless the union. After the wedding, a banquet is held. Newlyweds traditionally move in with the wife's parents and may live with them up to a year, until they can build a new house nearby.
Divorce is legal and relatively easy to obtain, but not common. Divorced persons are viewed with some disapproval. Each spouse retains whatever property he or she brought into the marriage, and jointly-acquired property is divided equally. Divorced persons may remarry, but the woman must wait ten months. Custody of minor children is usually given to the mother, and both parents continue to have an obligation to contribute financially toward the rearing and education of the child.

Social organization

Khmer culture is very hierarchical. The greater a person's age, the greater the level of respect that must be granted to them. Cambodians are addressed with a hierarchical title corresponding to their seniority before the name. When a married couple becomes too old to support themselves, they may invite the youngest child's family to move in and to take over running the household. At this stage in their lives, they enjoy a position of high status.
The individual Khmer is surrounded by a small inner circle of family and friends who constitute his or her closest associates, those he would approach first for help. The nuclear family, consisting of a husband and a wife and their unmarried children, is the most important kin group. Within this unit are the strongest emotional ties, the assurance of aid in the event of trouble, economic cooperation in labor, sharing of produce and income, and contribution as a unit to ceremonial obligations. In rural communities, neighbors—who are often also kin—may be important, too. Fictive child-parent, sibling, and close friend relationships Cambodia transcend kinship boundaries and serve to strengthen interpersonal and interfamily ties. Beyond this close circle are more distant relatives and casual friends. In rural Cambodia, the strongest ties a Khmer may develop—besides those to the nuclear family and to close friends—are those to other members of the local community. A strong feeling of pride—for the village, for the district, and province—usually characterizes Cambodian community life.
Legally, the husband is the head of the Khmer family, but the wife has considerable authority, especially in family economics. The husband is responsible for providing shelter and food for his family; the wife is generally in charge of the family budget, and she serves as the major ethical and religious model for the children, especially the daughters. Both husbands and wives are responsible for domestic economic tasks.
Customs

In Khmer culture a person's head is believed to contain the persons soul--therefore making it taboo to touch or point your feet at it. It is also considered to be extremely disrespectful to point or sleep with your feet pointing at a person, as the feet are the lowest part of the body and are considered to be impure.
When greeting people or to show respect in Cambodia people do the "sampeah" gesture, identical to the Indian namaste and Thai wai.
Customary Cambodian teachings include: that if a person does not wake up before sunrise he is lazy; you have to tell your parents or elders where you are going and what time you are coming back home; close doors gently, otherwise you have a bad temper; sit with your legs straight down and not crossed (crossing your legs shows that you are an impolite person); and always let other people talk more than you.
Clothing

Clothing in Cambodia is one of the most important aspects of the culture. Cambodian fashion is divided by the people's differing castes and social classes. Cambodians traditionally wear a checkered scarf called a "Krama". The "krama" is what distinctly separates the Khmer (Cambodians) from their neighbors the Thai, the Vietnamese, and the Laotians. The scarf is used for many purposes including for style, protection from the sun, an aid (for your feet) when climbing trees, a hammock for infants, a towel, or as a "sarong". A "krama" can also be easily shaped into a small child's doll for play. Under the Khmer Rouge, krama of various patterns were part of standard clothing.
The long-popular traditional costume known as the Sampot, a Chinese-influenced costume which Cambodians wore since the Funan era, has lost popularity. However, Khmer People’s clothing also changed depending on the time period and religion. From the Funan era back to the Angkor Era, there was a strong invasion of Hinduism which influenced Cambodian fashion to have upper naked, wear Sampot and wear their jewelry like bracelets and especially, collars like Sarong Kor, a symbol of Hinduism.
 
After the decrease in popularity of Hinduism, leading to Buddhism, Khmer People started wearing the blouse, shirt and trousers of Khmer style. Most important of all, Khmer people, both common and royal, stopped wearing the Hindu-style collars and began to adopt shawls like Sbai with beautiful decoration instead. This new clothing style was popular from the Chatomok region to Oudok period.
 
A Khmer lady habitually chooses the right colour for her Sampot or blouse, both to please herself and to follow the costume of good luck.
 
Some Cambodians still wear a religious style of clothing. Some Khmer men and women wear a Buddha pendant in a necklace fashion. There are different pendants for different uses; some are meant for protection from evil spirits, some are meant to bring good luck.
 
Otherwise, in the notable class people in Cambodia, especially the royal caste, have adapted a well known dress as well as expensive fashion style. Sampot is still well recognized among the royalty. Most royalty prefer Sampot Phamung, a new version of sampot adapted by Thai people in the 17th century. Since the Oudok period, most royalty have retained their dressing habits. Female royalty created the most attractive fashion. The lady always wears a traditional cape called sbai or rabai kanorng, which is draped over the left shoulder, leaving the right shoulder bare. Rarely was the cape worn over the right shoulder. The sbai or rabai kanorng would have been sumptuously fashioned in the old days in threads of genuine gold or silver. The cape in the old days would have hung down to the hem of the Sampot.
 
Dancers wear a collar known as Sarong Kor around their necks. Importantly, they wear a unique skirt called Sampot sara-bhap (lamé), made from silk inter-woven with gold or silver threads, forming elaborate and intricate designs that shimmer as the dancers move. This is held in place with a bejewelled belt. A multitude of jewellery is also worn by the female dancers. These include earrings, several pairs of bangles, a garland of flowers in the form of a bracelet, bracelets, anklets and an armlet that is worn on the right. Several body chains cross over the body like a sash. A circular or diamond shaped pendant is worn around the neck.
 
There are several different types of mokot worn by female royalty. The typical mokots that are worn are much similar to those of male royalty. Some crowns are just like tiaras where at the back of the mokot hair is let loose, cascading down the back. Other mokots have a few accessories such as ear pieces that would sit above the ear and help hold the mokot in place while a comb at the back is just an added accessory. Flowers are also worn on the mokot in the same style, but the hanging garlands of flowers are worn on the left and the bouquet is worn on the right. The best example of these royal clothes is illustrated by Khmer classical dance costumes, which are an adaptation of the beautiful royalty costume.

Cuisine

 Khmer cuisine is similar to that of its Southeast Asian neighbors. It shares many similarites with Thai cuisine, Vietnamese cuisine and Teochew cuisine. Cambodian cuisine also uses fish sauce widely in soups, stir-fried cuisine, and as dippings. The Chinese legacy of Stir frying can be noted in the use of many variations of rice noodles; while Curry dishes known as kari that employ dried spices such as star anise, cardamom, cinnamon, nutmeg and fennel were borrowed from the Indians and given a distinctive Cambodian twist with the addition of local ingredients like lemongrass, garlic, kaffir lime leaves, shallots and galangal. Pork broth rice noodle soup known simply as ka tieu is one of Cambodia's popular dish. Also, Banh Chiao is the Khmer version of the Vietnamese Bánh xeo.
 
Khmer cuisine is noted for the use of prahok, a type of fermented fish paste, in many dishes as a distinctive flavoring. When prahok is not used, it is likely to be kap�? instead, a kind of fermented shrimp paste. Coconut milk is the main ingredient of many Khmer curries and desserts. In Cambodia there is regular aromatic rice and glutinous or sticky rice. The latter is used more in dessert dishes with fruits such as durian. Almost every meal is eaten with a bowl of rice. Typically, Cambodians eat their meals with at least three or four separate dishes. Each individual dish will usually be one of either sweet, sour, salty or bitter. Chili is usually left up to the individual to add themselves. In this way Cambodians ensure that they get a bit of every flavor to satisfy their palates.
 
Otherwise, Cuisine of Cambodians also become unique depend on some area of different ethnics. In Kampot and Kep, famous for its cuisine known Kampot Pepper Crab or Kdab Cha Mrin Kyai in khmer.With its name Kampot Pepper crab, this cuisine is mostly cooking with kampot famous crap fried with the pepper from pepper field in the area. While in Pailin, Mee Kola is was born in that place, create by Kula people who is one of ethnic groups in Cambodia. In southern Cambodia, most of Vietnamese cuisine had been found especially Bránh tráng which is so famous dish in southern Cambodia but just few people from Central, had ever eat this meals.Look forward to The area between Siem Reap to Kampong Thom, a village with full of Chinese Cambodia.A lot of deilicious dishes from China in Khmer version explored for the guest in family as well as its urban restaurants.

Arts and literature

Visual art

The history of visual arts in Cambodia stretches back centuries to ancient crafts; Khmer art reached its peak during the Angkor period. Traditional Cambodian arts and crafts include textiles, non-textile weaving, silversmithing, stone carving, lacquerware, ceramics, wat murals, and kite-making. Beginning in the mid-20th century, a tradition of modern art began in Cambodia, though in the later 20th century both traditional and modern arts declined for several reasons, including the killing of artists by the Khmer Rouge. The country has experienced a recent artistic revival due to increased support from governments, NGOs, and foreign tourists.

Music

 Roneat has been described  as a bamboo xylophone.
Especially in the 60s and 70s, the 'big two' duet of Sinn Sisamouth and Ros sereysothea had been a large hit in the country. However after their deaths, new music stars have tried to bring back the music. Cambodian music has undergone heavy westernization.
The Cambodian pinpeat ensemble is traditionally heard on feast days in the pagodas. It is also a court ensemble used to accompany classical dance for ritual occasions or theatrical events. The pinpeat is primarily made up of percussion instruments: the roneat ek (lead xylophone), roneat thung (low bamboo xylophone), kong vong touch and kong vong thom (small and large sets of tuned gongs), sampho (two-sided drum), skor thom (two large drums), and sralai (quadruple-reed instrument).
Dance

Cambodian Dance can be divided into three main categories: classical dance, folk dances, and vernacular dances.
 
Khmer classical dance is a form of Cambodian dance originally performed only for royalty. The dances have many elements in common with Thai classical dance. During the mid-20th century, it was introduced to the public where it now remains a celebrated icon of Khmer culture, often being performed during public events, holidays, and for tourists visiting Cambodia. This classical Dance is famous for its using of hands and feet to express emotion which known as there are 4,000 different gestures in this type of dance. Provided as repeating a golden age in 1960s, Khmer Classical Dance which know as The Royal Ballet of Cambodia after select as UNESCO’s Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, has lead one of its dance to be a outstanding dance of all for culture and society. Reamker, a khmer version of Indian, Ramayana had influced strongly to Khmer classical dance. It involved in khmer gesture, movement and story line.The dance that divided from Reamker Dance known as robam sovann macha and robam moni mekala. In Facts, all of Dance reminded the audience of celestial dance which is an angel or Apsara in sansrit mythology in goal of bring the good luck and success to the viewer. The Classical dance is create by the heart of high art as the performer is decorated with themselves with a branches of jewellry.
 
Apsara Dance, a Khmer dance that has survived since the Angkor Era, has been singled out to attract foreign tourists and to make the richness of khmer culture known to the world. Apsara Dance was promoted by Princess Norodom Bopha Devi before the Khmer Rouge times and recently has received an award as one of the main symbols of Cambodia.
 
Khmer folk dances, which are performed for audiences, are fast-paced. The movements and gestures are not as stylized as Khmer classical dance. Folk dancers wear clothes of the people they are portraying such as Chams, hill tribes, farmers, and peasants. The folk dance music is played by a mohori orchestra.
 
Cambodian vernacular dances (or social dances) are those danced at social gatherings. Such dances include ram vong, ram kbach, ram saravan, and lam leav. Some of these dances have much influence from the traditional dances of Laos. But rom kbach, for example, take heavily from the classical dance of the royal court. Other social dances from around the world have had an impact on Cambodian social culture include the Cha-Cha, Bolero, and the Madison.

Literature

A testimony of the antiquity of the Khmer language are the multitude of epigraphic inscriptions on stone. The first written proof that has allowed the history of the Khmer Kingdom to be reconstructed are those inscriptions. These writings on columns, stelae and walls throw light on the royal lineages, religious edicts, territorial conquests and internal organization of the kingdom.
 
Following the stone inscriptions, some of the oldest Khmer documents are translations and commentaries of the Pali Buddhist texts of the Tripitaka. They were written by the monks on palmyra palm leaves and kept in various monasteries throughout the country.
 
The Ram Ker (Rama's fame) is the Cambodian version of the Ramayana, the famous Indian epic. The Ram Ker comes in rhymed verses and is staged in sections that are adapted to dance movements interpreted by local artists. The Ram Ker is the oldest form of Cambodian theatre.
 
Cambodia had a rich and varied traditional oral literature. There are many legends, tales and songs of very ancient origin that were not put into writing until the arrival of the Europeans. One of the most representative of these tales was the story of Vorvong and sorvong (Vorvong and Saurivong), a long story about two Khmer princes that was first put into writing by Auguste Pavie. This French civil servant claimed that he had obtained the story from old Uncle Nip in Somrontong District. This story was put into writing in Battambang. In 2006 the Vorvong and Sorvong story was enacted in dance form by the Royal Ballet of Cambodia.
 
Tum Teav which has been compared to a local version of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, is a khmer famous literature,originally based on a poem written by a Khmer Monk named Sam.The story is took place during Lovek era, about tragic love story that has been told throughout Cambodia since at least the middle of the 19th century.The story has been portrayed in many forms including oral, historical, literary, theatre, and film adaptions.The story also have a role in Cambodia’s education in the 12th grade as a topic for Khmer language examination for several times. Although its first translation in French had been made by Etienne Aymonier already in 1880, Tum Teav was popularized abroad when writer George Chigas translated the 1915 literary version by the venerable Buddhist monk Preah Botumthera Som or Padumatthera Som, known also as Som, one of the best writers in the Khmer language.
 
The notable people especially in royalty caste which in attraction and talented in khmer literature known as King Ang Duong (1841-1860) and King Thommaracha II (1629-1634). King Thomaracha had reserved for Khmer young generation with a well loved poem and a educated poem while King Ang Duong famous for his novel called Kakey , an inspiration from Jataka tales about an unfaithful woman and a female law which now become a notable law, used to teach the young khmer girl in some notable famil today.
Shadow Theatre
Nang sbek (shadow theatre) (or Lkhaon Nang Sbek) is closely related to the Nang Yai of Thailand, Wayang of Malaysia and Indonesia like the Islands of Java and Bali, thus implying that nang sbek may have came from an Indonesian or Malaysian origin from many centuries ago. Nang sbek is also a dying art form and may disappear because of the decline in popularity over the years with the introduction of modern entertainment. Before the spread of modern technology such as movies, videos and television the Khmers enjoyed and watch shadow theatre apart from the other sources of entertainment available around during that time. There are three kinds of shadow theatre in Cambodia:
    * Nang sbek thom is an art that involves mime, song, music and having to dance as well as narration to the accompaniment of the Pinpeat orchestra.It is mainly features the Reamker.
    * Nang sbek toch also called nang kalun and sometimes called ayang (small shadow theatre) uses smaller puppets and a wide range of stories.
    * Sbek paor (coloured puppet theatre) uses colored leather puppets.
Film
Cinema in Cambodia began in the 1950s; King Norodom Sihanouk himself was an avid film enthusiast. Many films were being screened in theaters throughout the country by the 1960s, which are regarded as the "golden age". After a decline during the Khmer Rouge regime, competition from video and television has meant that the Cambodian film industry is relatively weak today.

Sports

Cambodia has increasingly become involved in sports over the last 30 years. Football is popular as are martial arts, including Bokator, Pradal Serey (Khmer kick boxing) and Khmer traditional wrestling.
Bokator is an ancient Khmer martial art said to be the predecessor of all Southeast Asian kickboxing styles. Depicted in bas reliefs at Angkor Wat, Bokator was the close quarter combat system used by the ancient Angkor army. Unlike kick boxing, which is a sport fighting art, Boxkator was a soldier’s art, designed to be used on the battlefield. When fighting, Bokator practitioners still wear the uniforms of ancient Khmer armies. A kroma (scarf) is folded around their waist and blue and red silk cords are tied around the combatant's head and biceps.
 
 Young Cambodian boxers

Pradal Serey, or traditional Khmer boxing, is a popular sport in Cambodia. Victory is by knockout or by judge's decision. Styles of boxing have been practiced in Southeast Asia since ancient times. In the Angkor era, both armed and unarmed martial arts were practiced by the Khmers. Evidence shows that a style resembling Pradal Serey existed around the 9th century. There have been heated debates between nations about the true origins of South East Asian kickboxing.
Khmer traditional wrestling is yet another popular Cambodian sport. Wrestling match consists of three rounds, which may be won by forcing an opponent to his back. Traditional matches are held during the Khmer New Year and other Cambodian holidays.
The Cambodian Football Federation is the governing body of football in Cambodia, controlling the Cambodian national team. It was founded in 1933, and has been a member of FIFA since 1953 and the Asian Football Confederation since 1957.
Phnom Pehn National Olympic Stadium is the national stadium with a capacity of 50,000 in Phnom Pehn.

SPECIAL PACKAGES

ANGKOR HIGHLIGHTS
Tour Code:CTC-001
Destination: Angkor Thom (South Gate, Bayon, Baphuon) - Angkor Wat - sunrise in Angkor Wat - Banteay Kdei - Ta Prohm - Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Ta Som - Eastern Mebon - Pre Rup - Tonle Sap Lake Flooded Forest - Floating Village - Artisans d'Angkor
Duration: 3 days, 2 nights
This tour covers the absolute "must see" highlights of Angkor on the "small" and "grand" circuit, including a boat trip on Tonle Sap Lake. If you don't have more time, this is certainly the best choise. Sunrise in Angkor Wat. Balloon ride (optional). Transportation by REMORK gives this tour more atmosphere (and keeps the prices down).
ANGKOR DISCOVERY
Tour Code:CTC-002
Destination: Angkor Thom (Bayon, Baphuon) - Angkor Wat - sunrise - Banteay Kdei - Ta Prohm - Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Ta Som - Eastern Mebon - Pre Rup - Banteay Srei - Kobal Spean (River of Thousand Lingams) - Tonle Sap Lake Flooded Forest - Floating village.
Duration: 4 days, 3 nights
This is our basic tour including the most important temples in Angkor and the Tonle Sap Lake.
ANGKOR EXPLOER
Tour Code:CTC-003
Destination: Roluos Group (Lolei, Preah Ko and Bakong temples) - Angkor Thom - Angkor Wat - sunrise - Banteay Kdei - Ta Prohm - Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Ta Som - Eastern Mebon - Pre Rup - Banteay Srei - Kobal Spean (River of Thousand Lingams) - Tonle Sap Lake Flooded Forest - Floating Village - Koh Ker - Beng Mealea
Duration: 5 days / 4 nights
This is a great deal when you really want to go deeper to Angkor's civilization: In addition to our basic program "Angkor Discovery", you also explore the greater Angkor region! We highly recommend this tour as it gives you the complete overview of the Angkorian landscape, including temple areas that have just recently been opened for tourists!
PHNOM PENH-SIEM REAP-PHNOM PENH
Tour Code:CTCPS-001
Destination: Phnom Penh - Siem Reap - Phnom Penh
Duration: 2 DAYS 1 Night
Depart from Capitol Tours Office by air-conditioned bus at 6:30AM from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap. Arrive Siem Reap 14:00PM, transfer to the hotel or guesthouse. Visit South gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon - the Elephant terrace & the terrace of leper king - Taprom temples - Angkor Wat.Take the bus from Siem Reap going back to Phnom Penh (the departure time can be chosen). Finish tour at Capitol Tour Office in Phnom Penh.
CLASSICAL CAMBODIA & BEACH
Tour Code:CTC-005
Destination: Siem Reap / Angkor - Phnom Penh - Sihanoukville. The complete highlights of Cambodia in a one week package tour: Angkor Temples, capital Phnom Penh and the beach.
Duration: 8 days, 7 nights
This 8 days tour is an extension of our Cambodia Classic Tour. In addition, you can relax in Cambodia's famous seaside resort Sihanoukville. Many included special extras like lunch in a family's house, traditional massage, Apsara Dance Show & Dinner and much more ... All major Angkor Temples, including Banteay Srei Boat trip to Kampong Phhluk stilt village & flooded forest. Overland trip to the capital Phnom Penh and have a city tour in Phnom Penh. It includes the highlights of beach with fantastic sea views. Extended options can be arranged.
COUNTRY SIDE TOUR
Tour Code:CTC C:01
Destination: Western Baray - ox cart drive - rice fields - village life.
Duration: Duration: 6 hours
This is the perfect extension of your Angkor experience. Come with us to the countryside, where life seems to have stood still since Angkorian times. Transportation by REMORK and traditional ox-cart.
CLASSICAL CAMBODIA TOUR
Tour Code:CTC-004
Destination: Angkor Temples with Banteay Srei - Overland trip - Phnom Penh
Duration: 6 days, 5 nights
All highlights of Cambodia in one tour: Angkor Temples, Tonle Sap Lake, overland tour to Phnom Penh, discovery of the capital with many special extras. --- Angkor Thom (South Gate, Bayon, Baphuon), Angkor Wat, sunrise in Angkor Wat, Srah Srang, Banteay Kdei, Ta Prohm, Preah Khan, Neak Pean, Ta Som, Eastern Mebon, Pre Rup, Banteay Srei, Banteay Samre. Tonle Sap Lake with boat trip to floating village. Apsara dance show with dinner buffet. Overland trip from Siem Reap to Phnom Penh. Wat Phnom, National Museum, Royal Palace, Silver Pagoda, Tuol Sleng Museum, sunset cruise on Mekong river. Tour starts in Siem Reap and ends in Phnom Penh.
PHNOM PENH-SIEM REAP
Tour Code:CTCPS-002
Destination: Phnom Penh - Siem Reap - Phnom Penh
Duration: 3 days 2 nights
Depart from Capitol Tour Office by air-conditioned bus at 7:30AM/8:30AM/10:15AM/12:00PM/1:30PM/2:30PM from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap. Arrival at 1:30PM/2:30PM/4:15PM/6:00PM/7:30PM/8:30PM.Transfer to the hotel or guesthouse. Visit the South gate of Angkor Thom, Bayon, Baphoun, Phimeanakas, The Elephant of terrace & Leper king terrace,Tapromh temples. Visit the Angkor Wat and the handicraft producing shop.Take the bus back to Phnom Penh (the departure time can be chosen). Finish tour at Capitol Tour Office in Phnom Penh.
PHNOM PENH-SIEM REAP
Tour Code:CTCPS-003
Destination: Phnom Penh - Siem Reap - Phnom Penh
Duration: 4 Days 3 Nights
Depart from Capitol Tour Office by A/C bus from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap.Transfer to the hotel or guesthouse. Visit Basei Cham Krong - South gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon - Baphoun - Phimeanakas - the Elephant terrace & Leper king terrace.Visit the Angkor Wat and the handicraft producing shop.Visit Kravan - Banteay Kdei and Sra Srong - Taphrom - Takeo -Thommanon and Chao Say Teveda temples.Visit Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Tasom - East Mebon and Prerup.Take the bus back going back to Phnom Penh (the Departure time can be chosen). Finish tour at Capitol Tour Office in Phnom Penh.
BIRD SANCTUARY "PREK TOAL"
Tour Code:CTC-PT-01
Destination: Prek Toal - flooded forest - Back to hotel
Duration: 1 day
Feel like in a Hitch cock's Movie - in the Birdwatcher`s Paradise! Your visit of Siem Reap /Angkor would be incomplete without visiting the greatest fresh water reservoir with the highest biodiversity in the world! Enjoy a environmental discovery with small boats to see thousands of birds in the flooded forest of Tonle Sap Lake.
WORLD HERITAGE PREAH VIHEAR
Tour Code:CTC-PV-01
Destination: Preah Vihear Temple
Duration: 1 day
Don't miss to see Cambodia's second UNESCO world heritage: the magnificent mountain temple of Preah Vihear, spectacularly placed in the Dangrek mountains close to the Thai border.
KAMPONG PHLUK
Tour Code:CTC-KP-01
Destination: Floating Village Kampong Phhluk
Duration: 1 day
Kompong Phluk is a commune and village in Siem Reap Province in northern-central Cambodia. It is a floating village on the Tonle Sap. The village has a school and monastery, where prayers were taking place.
TEMPLE TOWERS IN THE RAINFOREST
Tour Code:CTC-SPK-01
Destination: Sambor Prei Kuk Temples
Duration: 1 day
On the old Angkorian royal road, passing Angkorian bridges we go off the beaten tracks to the lost temple city of "Sambor Prei Kuk". Over 200 brick temples of the 6th and 7th century are overgrown by tropical vegetation and even older than Angkor Wat.
ROLUOS-WHERE ANGKOR WAS BORN
Tour Code:CTC-Roluos-01
Destination: Lolei - Preah Ko - Bakong - Prasat Prei Monti
Duration: 4 hours
Discover the Roluos Group, where the first temple mountain in Angkor region was built: the Bakong temple. Enjoy your discovery by REMORK.
KOH KER AND BENG MEALEA
Tour Code:CTC-KKBM-01
Destination: Koh Ker, Beng Meala
Duration: 1 day
Precious temple areas far away from the tourist flows! Fell like the first exporers! The ancient capital Koh Ker with its fantastic temple pyramid and Beng Mealea, still overgrown by jungle, have just been opened for tourists!
SIEM REAP/ANGKOR WAT TEMPLES
Tour Code:CTCSR-001
Destination: Angkor National museum - Wood and Stone Carving Center - the Old Market - central Market - Killing Field - South Gate of the Angkor Thom - Central Angkor Thom (Bayon - Baphoun - Terrace of Elephant - Terrace of Leperking) - Chau Say Tevoda - Takoa - Ta Prom, Banteay Kdey - Srah Srang, Prasat Kravan and the World Heritage Angkor Wat - sunrise at Angkor Wat - grand circut (Preah Khan, Neak Pean -Tasom - East Mebon - Pre Rup) - sunset at Bakheng mountain - Banteay Srey - Banteay Samré - Rolous Group (Bakong - Preah Ko - and Lo Lei) - Tonle Sap lake (Floating Village)
Duration: 5 Days, 4 nights
This tour covers the absolute "must-see highlights" of Angkor complex on the "small" and "grand" circuits, Banteay Srei temple, Roluos group including a boat trip on Tonle Sap Lake.This is certainly the best choice. Sunrise in Angkor Wat. Balloon ride (optional). Transportation by REMORK gives this tour a local friendly, atmospheric experience (and with lower prices comparing with car).
DAILY TOUR TO ANKOR TEMPLES 1
Tour Code:CTC-D1
Destination: Angkor Thom - Ta Prohm - Angkor Wat - Phnom Bakheng
Duration: 1 Day
Tour will start at 8:30am - 6pm visit Angkor Thom (South Gate, Bayon, Baphuon) - Ta Prohm - Angkor Wat included sunset at Phnom Bakheng.
DAILY TOUR TO ANGKOR TEMPLES 2
Tour Code:CTC-D2
Destination: Banteay Srey - Grand Tour
Duration: 1 Day
Banteay Srey - Grand Tour (Pre Rup - Ta Som - Neak Pean - Preah Khan)
DAILY TOUR TO FLOATING VILLAGE 3
Tour Code:CTC - D3
Destination: Wat Thmer - Artisans'School - Northern Tonle Sap Lake - Chong Kneas village
Duration: Half Day
Wat Thmer - Artisans'School - Tonle Sap Lake - Chong Kneas village (visiting the greatest freshwater reservoir with the highest biodiversity in the world. Enjoy a beautiful boat trip on the Tonle Sap Lake and learn all about the floating villages, fishing techniques and traditional life with and on the water ...)
BANTEAY CHHMAR
Tour Code:CTC-BC-01
Destination: Siem Reap - Banteay Chhmar
Duration: 1 day
Feel like the first explorers and see face towers in the forest, reliefs of thousand armend Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara and be one of the only guests to visit this "lost temple city". A unique experience!
PHNOM PENH - SIEM REAP - PHNOM PENH
Tour Code:CPTC PSP001
Destination: Phnom Penh city tour:Wat Phnom - National Museum - Royal Palace & Silver Pagoda - Tuol Sleng Museum - sunset cruise on Mekong river). Tonle Sap Lake - Angkor Temples: Angkor Thom (South gate of Angkor Thom, Bapuon temple) - Taphrom - Banteay Srei - Angkor Wat temple.
Duration: 5days 4nights
Phnom Penh city tour (Wat Phnom, National Museum, Royal Palace, Silver Pagoda, Tuol Sleng Museum, sunset cruise on Mekong river) - Overland trip from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap. Angkor Temples, Tonle Sap Lake, Angkor Thom (South gate of Angkor Thom - Bapuon temple) - Taphrom - Banteay Srei - Angkor Wat - overland trip from Siem Reap to Phnom Peng.Finish tour at Phnom Penh airport.
PHNOM PENH CITY TOUR
Tour Code:CPTCT001
Destination: Killing Field - Russian Market - Toul Sleng Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - What Phnom, Independent Monument.
Duration: 1 DAY (every day 8:30am - 5pm)
* Morning Visit Killing Field, Russian Market, Toul Sleng Museum. * Afternoon Visit National Museum, Royal Palace, What Phnom, Independent Monument.
PHNOM CHISO
Tour Code:CPTPC-001
Destination: PHNOM CHISO Temple - NEANG KHMAU temple, TONLE BATI (TAPHROM temple - TONLE BATI Lake).
Duration: 1 DAY (every day: 8:30 - 5PM)
Visit PHNOM CHISO Temple - NEANG KHMAU temple, TONLE BATI (TAPHROM temple - TONLE BATI Lake).
PHNOM PENH - BATTAMBANG - SIEM REAP
Tour Code:CPT PBS001
Destination: Phnom Penh (capital city of Cambodia) - Battambang privince - Siem Reap province.
Duration: 6 days, 5 nights
Overland trip from Phnom Penh (Capitol city of Cambodia) to Battambang province (enjoy Bamboo train & boat trip to Siem Reap province). Visit Angkor temples: Angkor Thom (South gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon - Bapuon - Phimeanakas - Elephants & Leper king Terrace) - Ta Phrom - Banteay Kdei - Angkor Wat - Bakheng temple - grand circuit: (Pheah Khan - Neak Pean - Ta Som - Eastern Mebon - Pre Rep) - Banteay Srei - Khbal Spean (see waterfall) - Banteay Sam Re - Kampong Phluk floating village on Tonle Sap lake. Tour finish in Siem Reap.
SIEM REAP/ANGKOR WAT
Tour Code:CTCSR-002
Destination: Small Tour (Angkor Thom – Bayon – Ta Prohm – Angkor Wat – Bakheng) - Tonle Sap Lake
Duration: 2 days 1 night
This tour covers the absolute "must see" highlights of Angkor on the "small" circuit and including a boat trip on Tonle Sap Lake visit floating village of Chong Kneas and visit the fish farm and the crocodile farm. Balloon ride (optional). Transportation by REMORK gives this tour more atmospheres (and keeps the prices down).
POI PET - SIEM REAP - POI PET
Tour Code:CTCPSP01
Destination: POI PET - SIEM REAP - POI PET
Duration: 2 days 1 night
Poipet is a Cambodian town on the Cambodia/Thailand border, in Ou Chrov district, Banteay Meanchey Province. It is a key crossing point between the two countries, and also extremely popular as a gambling destination as gambling is popular, but illegal in Thailand. There is a strip of casinos and hotels between the Cambodian and Thai passport control counters, enabling Thais to gamble in Cambodia without needing to go through Cambodian immigration. This casino strip area is a 'special zone' that prevents Cambodians from gambling. It takes 3hours by bus from Poi Pet border to Siem Reap.
SIEM REAP-BATTAMBANG
Tour Code:SB1
Destination: SIEM REAP-BATTAMBANG by Capitol Tours air-conditioned sharing bus
Duration: 2 days 1 night
Visit Banan – Phnom Sampeuv Mountain – Bamboo train ride – Ancient house.
SIEM REAP-BATTAMBANG
Tour Code:SB2
Destination: Siem Reap to Battambang by boat along the Tonle Sap lake....
Duration: 3 days 2 night
Visit Ek Phnom temple - Banan temple– Sampeuv Mountain temple– enjoy Bamboo train ride – Ancient House.
SIEM REAP – BATTAMBANG – SIEM REAP
Tour Code:SBS3
Destination: SIEM REAP - BATTAMBANG by air-conditioned sharing bus
Duration: 3 days 2 nights
Enjoy the bamboo train ride – Ancient house – Winery - Ek Phnom temple - Banan – Sampeuv Mountain temple.
SIEM REAP – BATTAMBANG – SIEM REAP
Tour Code:SBS4
Destination: Battambang by Boat & Bus
Duration: 3 days 2 nights
Take the Bamboo train ride, visit Ancient house – Winery - Ek Phnom temple- Banan – Phnom Sampeuv Mountain.
SIEM REAP – BATTAMBANG – BANGKOK
Tour Code:SBB5
Destination: SIEM REAP - BATTAMBANG - BANGKOK (Thailand) by Capitol Tours air-conditioned sharing bus.
Duration: 3 days 2 nights
Battambang: visit Ek Phnom temple - the Bamboo train - Ancient house – Winery - Phnom Banan and Phnom Sampeuv.
SIEM REAP-BATTAMBANG-BANGKOK
Tour Code:SBB6
Destination: SIEM REAP - BATTAMBANG - BANGKOK by boat and Capitol Tours air-conditioned sharing bus
Duration: 3 days 2 nights
Battambang:enjoy the bamboo train ride, visit Ancient house – Winery - Ek Phnom temple- Banan – Phnom Sampeuv Mountain.
SIEM REAP-BATTAMBANG-PHNOM PENH
Tour Code:SBP7
Destination: Siem Reap - Battambang - Phnom Penh by Capitol Tours air-conditioned sharing bus.
Duration: 5 Days, 4 nights
Take the air-conditioned sharing bus from Siem Reap to Battambang (enjoy with bamboo train ride, visit Ancient house – Winery - Ek Phnom temple - Banan – Phnom Sampeuv Mountain).Phnom Penh city tour (visit Killing field - Russian Market - Tuol Sleng Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - Silver Pagoda - Wat Phnom and Victory Monument)
SIEM REAP - BATTAMBANG -PHNOM PENH
Tour Code:SBP8
Destination: Siem Reap - Battambang - Phnom Penh by boat & bus sharing
Duration: 5 Days, 4 nights
Battambang (enjoy with bamboo train ride, visit Ancient house – Winery - Ek Phnom temple - Banan – Phnom Sampeuv Mountain).Phnom Penh city tour (visit Killing field - Russian Market - Tuol Sleng Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - Silver Pagoda - Wat Phnom and Victory Monument)
SIEM REAP - BATTAM BANG - PHNOM PENH - SIHANOUKVILLE
Tour Code:SBPSV9
Destination: SIEM REAP - BATTAMBANG - PHNOM PENH - SIHANOUKVILLE by air-conditioned sharing bus.
Duration: 6 Days 5 Nights
Battambang (Enjoy with bamboo train ride, visit Ancient house – Winery - Ek Phnom temple – Banan and Phnom Sampeuv Mountain), Phnom Penh city tour (visit Killing field - Russian Market - Tuol Sleng Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - Silver Pagoda - Wat Phnom- and Victory Monument) – Sihanoukville (relaxing for 2night at Golden sand hotel) or optional day trip.
SAMBOR PREIKUK
Tour Code:CTCSB-02
Destination: Sambor Preikuk temple
Duration: 2 days 1 night
The pre-Angkorian temple complex of Sambor Prei Kuk is located about 30 kilometers to the north of the town of Kampong Thom, Cambodia. It was also known as Isanapura, and was the capital of the Chenla Kingdom
SIEM REAP - KAMPONG THOM - PHNOM PENH
Tour Code:SKPH11
Destination: SIEM REAP - KAMPONG THOM - PHNOM PENH by Capitol Tours air-conditioned sharing bus
Duration: 3 days 2 nights
At Kampong Thom: visit Sambo Prei Kuk – Royal Phnom Penh: visit Killing field - Russian Market - Tuol Sleng Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - Siliver Pagoda - Wat Phnom -Victory Monument.
SIEM REAP - KAMPONG THOM - PHNOM PENH - SIHANOUKVILLE
Tour Code:CTCSKPS-03
Destination: Siem Reap - Kampong Thom - Phnom Penh - Sihanoukville by Capitol Tours air-conditioned sharing bus
Duration: 5 Days, 4 nights
Siem Reap - Kampong Thom: visit Sambor Prei kuk - Royal Phnom Penh: visit Killing field - Russian Market - Tuol Sleng Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - Silver Pagoda - Wat Phnom -Victory Monument.
SIEM REAP - KAMPONG THOM - PHNOM PENH
Tour Code:CTCSKP-04
Destination: Kampong Thom – Royal Phnom Penh by Capitol Tours air-conditioned sharing bus
Duration: 4 days 3nights
Kampong Thom visit Sambo Prei Kuk – Royal Phnom Penh (Visit Killing field - Russian Market - Tuol Sleng Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - Siliver Pagoda - Wat Phnom -Victory Monument)
SIEM REAP - PHNOM PENH
Tour Code:CTCSPH-05
Destination: Siem Reap - Phnom Penh by boat along the Tonlé Sap Lake which is a combined lake and river system of major importance to Cambodia. The Tonlé Sap is the largest freshwater lake in South East Asia and is an ecological hot spot that was designated as a UNESCO biosphere in 1997.
Duration: 3 days 2 nights
Including boat ride on the water way from Siem Reap to Phnom Penh around 7hours - Royal Phnom Penh: visit Killing field - Russian Market - Tuol Sleng Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - Siliver Pagoda - Wat Phnom and Victory Monument
SIEM REAP - PHNOM PENH - SIHANOUKVILLE
Tour Code:CTCSPHS-06
Destination: Siem Reap - Phnom Penh by sharing boat and by Capitol Tours air-conditioned sharing bus to Sihanoukville.
Duration: 5 Days, 4 nights
Take the boat from Siem Reap to Phnom Penh visit Killing field - Russian Market - Tuol Sleng Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - Silver Pagoda - Wat Phnom and Victory Monument including 2 nights relax at the beach.